The one thing that makes Android superior to other operating systems is the level of customizability it offers to its users. It even allows you to configure the system files. Its open nature has encouraged a large community of developers to use the open-source code and add new features for advanced users. That’s why it has the most extensive installed base of any operating system.
What exactly is Build.prop?
Build.prop stands for Build Properties. It’s a file located in the system folder that contains all the information about the device. One can change the device behavior by tweaking build.prop. The file is usually invisible to users, so you need to root your device to tweak its internal functions.
How to tweak Build.prop?
You can use any file manager app with root browser support to tweak Build.prop. After installing the app, go to System/Build.prop, and then open it in a text editor. Copy the code of your choice and paste it at the end. Click save, and you’re done. Some tweaks require a restart to take effect.
We bring you some of the useful Build.prop tweaks for your rooted Android device. They work for Android Jelly Bean, KitKat, Lollipop, Marshmallow, Nougat, Oreo, Pie, Android 10, 11, and 12. Make sure you find the specified entries (if not, add them) in your Build.prop file and change the values as mentioned.
Warning: Take a full backup of your files before making any changes to Android OS.
23. Better Scrolling
You might have noticed your phone is not that smooth while scrolling the screen. You can fix this by altering the minimum and maximum fluid velocity. This will improve your overall scrolling experience.
windowsmgr.max_events_per_sec=150 ro.min_pointer_dur=8 ro.max.fling_velocity=12000 ro.min.fling_velocity=8000 persist.sys.scrollingcache=3 debug.sf.hw=1
22. DVM Tweaks
The DVM (short for Dalvik Virtual Machine) optimizes the virtual machine for performance, memory, and battery life. Although it has been discontinued, some people use it on their older devices. If you are one of those users, you can change configurations for fast switching between lightweight applications.
Dalvik.vm.heapgrowthlimit=96m Dalvik.vm.heapmaxfree=8m Dalvik.vm.minfree=2m Dalvik.vm.heapsize=200m Dalvik.vm.heapstaetsize=16m Dalvik.vm.heaptargetutilization=0.75
21. Auto Rotation for Homescreen and Lockscreen
The new versions of Android do not support auto-rotation on lockscreen. Likewise, Numerous OEM launchers and stock launchers do not have auto-rotation support for the homescreen. Well, there is absolutely nothing to worry about. You can enable these rotations by adding this command –
lockscreen.rot_override=true // for Lockscreen log.tag.launcher_force_rotate=VERBOSE // for Homescreen
20. Better Internet Speed
If your browsing speed is not up to the mark, or if you are suffering from slow download speed, you can improve it by increasing the TCP’s buffer size. Also, forcing your device to use Google’s DNS could unlock more speed.
net.tcp.buffersize.default=4096,87380,256960,4096, 16384,256960 net.tcp.buffersize.wifi=4096,87380,256960,4096,163 84,256960 net.tcp.buffersize.umts=4096,87380,256960,4096,163 84,256960 net.tcp.buffersize.gprs=4096,87380,256960,4096,163 84,256960 net.tcp.buffersize.edge=4096,87380,256960,4096,163 84,256960 net.rmnet0.dns1=220.127.116.11 net.rmnet0.dns2=18.104.22.168 net.dns1=22.214.171.124 net.dns2=126.96.36.199
19. Modify Logcat
You can control the Android Logcat file generation, which is mainly used for debugging. Disabling logcat would reduce extensive disk reads/writes.
18. Disable Black Screen Issue After Call
You might have noticed a black screen for a few seconds after disconnecting a voice call. If this is happening to you on a regular basis, it means your device’s proximity sensor is not functioning properly. It can be fixed by changing the proximity delay value.
17. Ring Your Phone Immediately
When you get a call, the Android system usually waits and verifies the connection before it sends the signals to ring the phone. However, if your device takes more than the usual time before it starts to ring, you can change this by adding the following code.
16. Improve Voice Call Clarity
You can control the AMR audio codec’s property, which is used for voice calls. Also, you can adjust the volume of your voice calls. By default, Android provides seven audio levels for calls. You can change this number to manage it more precisely. The integer value ranging between 7 and 20 is recommended.
15. Improve Image Quality
In order to reduce the processing power, Android does not display the entire content of an image. It only renders the picture at a lower quality, which is good enough but not the best. If you think your device has enough power to handle the image processing task, you can force your hardware to display the original quality.
14. Increase Panorama Image Resolution
You can force the panorama mode in the camera app to save the picture at a higher resolution. However, this may not be supported by all devices.
13. Quick Power On
When your device boots up, there are a lot of services that boot up along with Android. The more applications you have, the longer it will take. However, you can force your device to boot faster by enabling “quickpoweron”, a process in which most of the data is stored as a hibernation file, which is loaded upon the next boot, saving a few seconds.
You can also disable the boot animation by adding the following code
12. Rotate Screen to 270 Degree
Most of the apps choose to rotate only 90°. However, the Android system supports three default rotation degrees – 90°, 180°, and 270°. You can leverage this feature and force all your apps to rotate 270°.
11. Modify Error Profiler
Most users don’t even require error profiling. However, a few apps might use this to generate error reports. You can enable or disable the error profiler by adding the following code. Put 0 for enabling or 1 for disabling the feature.
10. Keep Key Lights On While Screen Is On
If your phone has backlit capacitive keys, you might have noticed that the key lights usually turn off after a few seconds you press it. If you want these key lights to be permanently turned on as long as the screen stays awake, just change the backlit’s timeout value.
9. Keep Your Launcher In Memory
If you are using an Android Launcher app, you can force it to stay in the main memory (RAM) by adding the following code. Your device must have enough free memory for this; otherwise, you will see significant lags and performance will be degraded severely.
ro.HOME_APP_ADJ = 1
8. Save Power
Many Android devices come with built-in battery-saving features. Sony, for example, has “Stamina” and “Ultra Stamina” modes that halt background processes in order to save battery. You can do it by yourself by adding this code.
ro.mot.eri.losalert.delay=1000 //this may brake tethering ro.ril.power_collapse=1 pm.sleep_mode=1 wifi.supplicant_scan_interval=180 ro.mot.eri.losalert.delay=1000 power_supply.wakeup=enable ro.config.hw_fast_dormancy=1 ro.config.hw_power_saving=1
7. Disable Automatic Error Reporting
App crashing is common on all platforms. Obviously, it doesn’t feel good, but continuous notifications of those errors are even more frustrating. You can get rid of this built-in error reporting function by adding the following code.
To disable error checking, use this –
And to disable the strict mode checking, add this line –
6. Change Screen DPI
DPI stands for Dots Per Inch, which is also the ratio of your device’s resolution to the display size. Usually, its values are a multiple of 160, but you can set any value you want.
5. Change WiFi Scan Interval
By default, Android scans for WiFi networks at an interval of 15 seconds. In order to save battery, you can increase this interval with the following code. The value is in seconds, so if you want to change the interval to (let’s say) 10 minutes, write 600, instead of 120.
4. Improve Gaming Experience
If you use your phone for extensive gaming, try adding the following code at the end. This will enable tile rendering, fully utilize processing power, and improve 3D performance.
persist.sys.NV_FPSLIMIT=60 persist.sys.NV_POWERMODE=1 persist.sys.NV_PROFVER=15 persist.sys.NV_STEREOCTRL=0 persist.sys.NV_STEREOSEPCHG=0 persist.sys.NV_STEREOSEP=20 persist.sys.purgeable_assets=1 debug.enabletr=true debug.qctwa.preservebuf=1 dev.pm.dyn_samplingrate=1 video.accelerate.hw=1 ro.vold.umsdirtyratio=20 debug.overlayui.enable=1 debug.egl.hw=1 ro.fb.mode=1 hw3d.force=1 persist.sys.ui.hw=1 ro.sf.compbypass.enable=0 debug.sf.hw=1 debug.composition.type=c2d persist.sys.composition.type=c2d debug.performance.tuning=1 ro.media.dec.jpeg.memcap=8000000 ro.media.enc.hprof.vid.bps=8000000 ro.media.dec.aud.wma.enabled=1 ro.media.dec.vid.wmv.enabled=1 ro.media.cam.preview.fps=0 ro.media.codec_priority_for_thumb=so
3. Modify MMS APN Retry Timer
If an SMS/MMS fails to send, Android tries to send it again after 5 seconds. You can change the number of reattempts and intervals between those reattempts. The following code will force 4 retries every 8 seconds.
ro.gsm.2nd_data_retry_config=max/_retries=4, 8000, 8000, 8000, 8000
2. Improve Touch Responsiveness via Hardware Rendering
You can force the Android system to use GPU for rendering each 2D frame in apps. Since Android generally uses frame-by-frame rendering of the screen, the following code will offload the heavy rendering process to GPU. Moreover, it will increase processing, provide better RAM management and make the experience smoother (if your device has a powerful graphic processor).
debug.sf.hw=1 persist.sys.ui.hw=1 debug.performance.tuning=1 video.accelerate.hw=1 debug.egl.profiler=1 debug.egl.hw=1 debug.composition.type=gpu
1. Stream Videos Faster
Android uses the media framework called “Stagefright.” Although Stagefright is more open and simple, it is often buggy compared to the old OpenCore framework. However, developers have significantly improved its stability in recent years.
The new framework can be altered to deliver faster streaming of online videos, but this might affect the playback stability on some devices. If it’s ruining your experience, you can always revert to the original values.
media.stagefright.enable-player=true media.stagefright.enable-meta=true media.stagefright.enable-scan=true media.stagefright.enable-http=true media.stagefright.enable-rtsp=true media.stagefright.enable-record=true