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Science & Space

New Way Of Regulating RNA Expression Could Enhance Gene Therapy

Regulating RNA Expression

A new technique can accurately control the therapeutic protein production once the RNA (Ribonucleic acid) is delivered into cells. This new RNA circuit is built on synthetic biology principles. It will allow doctors to accurately handle patient-specific treatments and rapidly turn off genes in critical situations. In the medicine field, gene therapy involves inserting one ...

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“Optical Tweezers” Wins The 2018 Nobel Prize In Physics

2018 Nobel Prize In Physics

2018 Nobel Prize in physics goes to three scientists for their remarkable work in laser physics.  They discovered optical tweezers and ultrashort, high-intensity optical pulses.  Today, it’s used to measure phenomena in femtosecond timescales, treat deep-tissue tumors, and much more.  The 2018 Nobel Prize in Physics is split among three scientists. They are awarded for their phenomenal ...

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ESA Releases The X-Ray Survey of 365 Galaxy Clusters and 26,000 Active Galactic Nuclei

ESA Releases The X-Ray Survey of 365 galaxy clusters

ESA’s XMM-Newton spent more than 2,000 hours working on XXL Survey.  In this survey, the X-ray space observatory observed numerous galaxy clusters and active galactic nuclei.  The data obtained from this survey will help astronomers understand how galaxies and black holes evolve.  European Space Agency’s (ESA) X-ray observatory, XMM-Newton is built to analyze interstellar X-ray sources, ...

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The Early Universe Was Once In Liquid State | New Study

Universe Was Once In Liquid State

Particle physicists collided xenon-ions in the 27 kilometers long superconducting Large Hadron Collider.  The aim is to extract new details of Quark-Gluon Plasma – the matter that came into existence right after the Big Bang. They found that matter behaved like a liquid, right before atoms were formed. According to the Big Bang cosmology, the universe was ...

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Sound Can Travel In A 2D Bose Gas Even When Atoms Don’t Collide

Sound Can Travel In A 2D Bose Gas

Researchers demonstrate that sound waves can travel in a thin sheet of bosons of rubidium atoms, even in extremely low density where atoms do not collide with each other.  They performed numerical simulations to prove this phenomenon.  Usually, sound propagates through a medium when atoms collide with each other. The propagation of sound waves is ...

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Saturn’s Inner Rings Are Changing Planet’s Atmosphere

Saturn's Inner Rings

Saturn’s inner rings are made of water, ammonia, methane, molecular nitrogen, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide.  The rings eject these chemicals into the planet’s upper atmosphere at 10 times faster speed than previously thought.  This infalling material heats the Saturn’s atmosphere and changes its composition.  NASA’s Cassini spacecraft spent more than 13 years studying Saturn’s atmosphere and ...

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Magnetic Waves Affects The Process Of Star Formation

star formation via magnetic waves

A new study explains the phenomenon that sets the properties of stars and their orbiting planets. Using simulations, researchers tracked wind material as it interacts with the ambient cloud. They deduced that winds and radiation emitted by stars are responsible for significant energy transfer within molecular clouds – an impact enhanced by magnetic waves. The ...

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The Strongest Indoor Pulsed Magnetic Field Ever Generated

strongest magnetic field

Physicists develop a sophisticated setup capable of generating ultra-high controllable magnetic.  They were able to generate a magnetic field of 1200 Tesla using electromagnetic flux compression.  To measure the field strength, they used a reflection-type Faraday rotation probe.  Magnetic fields are extremely important for research in fields of solid state physics like superconductors, semiconductors, strongly correlated electron materials, ...

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Scientists Observe Matter Falling Into Black Hole At 30% Light Speed

Matter Falling Into Black Hole

Researchers observed a billion light-year distant galaxy named PG211+143.  Like other galaxies, it has a supermassive black hole in the center. They detected matter falling into this black hole at an extremely fast speed of nearly 90,000,000 meters per second.  Black holes have an enormously strong gravitational field, so strong that even light cannot escape. They ...

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