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Science & Space

Astronomers Measure The Asteroid Between Mars and Jupiter

Measure The Asteroid - Palma

Palma asteroid revolves around the Sun and completes one revolution in 5.59 years. In May 2017, Palma eclipsed the radio waves coming from radio galaxy. Astronomers analyzed these signals and measured characteristics of Palma.  In a strange observation, researchers studied radio waves coming from a far-away radio galaxy when an asteroid in our Solar System came ...

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What Genes Control How Much We Dream?

Brain Genes Linked with Intelligence

Neuroscientists found two genes that regulate mammals’ REM sleep.  These two receptors are known as Chrm1 and Chrm3.  Removing Chrm1 reduces and fragments REM sleep, while knockout of Chrm3 decreases the length of non-REM sleep.  Sleep is a universal reoccurring state of body and mind, characterized by changes in voluntary muscles, sensory activity, and consciousness. Until ...

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Strongest Material In The Universe Lies In Neutron Stars’ Crust

Neutron Star

Nuclear pasta is the strongest known material in the universe. It is nearly 100 trillion times denser than water. To estimate its strength, researchers used computer simulations that required 2 million hours worth of single-core processor time. Nuclear pasta is thought to exist within crusts of nuclear stars. Between the core of a neutron star and ...

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Jupiter’s Magnetic Field is Different From Other Planets

Equatorial view of Jupiter's magnetic field

Jupiter has the most powerful planetary magnetic field in our solar system.  It has both dipolar and non-dipolar magnetic field.  This morphology of field is a result of Jupiter’s composition, electrical conductivity, and thermodynamic properties. The aim of NASA’s Juno spacecraft is to understand the origin and evolution of the biggest planet of our solar system, ...

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Hubble Captures Fluttering Auroras At Saturn’s North Pole

Saturn composite image of Auroras

Hubble took amazing pictures of Saturn featuring its fluttering aurora at the north pole.  The images were captured in UV light and readings were coordinated with Cassini spacecraft.  This helped researchers know more about Saturn’s magnetosphere.  The Hubble Space Telescope has extensively observed the auroras of Saturn in the far-ultraviolet wavelength using Advanced Camera for Surveys and Space ...

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The Unprecedented View Of Human Brain Obtained Via Organ Chips

One Brain chip connected to two BBB

A new model provides an unprecedented view of how vascular system of the brain controls metabolic functions.  It’s made up of organs-on-chips that simulate functions of living human organs. Each organ chip contains a flexible polymer about the size of a computer memory stick.  The human brain consists of more than 86 billion neurons, and a less ...

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Eating In 10-Hour Window Can Prevent Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome

Eating within 10-Hour Window Can Prevent Obesity

Researchers show that eating all calories in a 10-hour window could improve health.  They performed experiments with mice and found this type of fasting reduces the risk of developing diabetes, fatty liver, and high cholesterol.  The expression of several metabolic enzymes is regulated by the circadian clock – a biochemical oscillator that is synchronized with ...

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A New Way To Remove Contaminants From Storm Water

Rain WAter

The new method uses naturally abundant materials to remove dissolved substances from rainwater.  Researchers coated the sand with manganese oxide, making it more biodegradable. Urban storm water contains low concentrations of trace organic contaminants obtained from automobile wear, biocides, asphalt, and consumer products, which could be harmful to both ecosystem and human health. Municipal wastewater effluent consists ...

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Atmosphere Of Ultrahot Exoplanets Contains Iron and Titanium

Atmosphere Of Ultrahot Exoplanets KEL-9b

KELT-9b is the hottest known exoplanet where temperatures reach more than 4,000°C.  Most molecules found on this planet exist in atomic form.  Using spectrograph, researchers detected iron and titanium vapors in its atmosphere.  Exoplanets (planets outside our solar system) revolve around their host stars. They are quite hard to see directly through telescopes because they are ...

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