Space

Are We Alone In the Universe? Probably YES | New Study

Astrophysicist reevaluated Drake equation using current scientific knowledge and astrobiology literature.  They concluded that there is substantial probability (up to 85%) that we are alone in the observable universe.  The astonishingly large number...

Human Physiology And Surgery In Space

Researchers explore current understanding of human pathophysiology and surgery in space.  The extreme environment of space creates numerous unique changes in human physiology, which must be taken into consideration by future space surgery...

A New “Giant Comet” Model Of Pluto Formation

Scientists built a cosmochemical model that expands our understanding of Pluto’s origin and evolution.  They perform an in-depth investigation of whether molecular nitrogen N2 on Pluto could be a primordial species.  Pluto was first discovered...