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New Algorithm Predicts Power Outage Caused By Hackers And Earthquakes

Algorithm Predicts Power Outage - Squirrel

New algorithm named Squirrel detects weaknesses in the power grid.  It can be applied to all types of hazards, including earthquake, malicious attack, and obstruction caused by squirrels.  What conditions and failures in the infrastructure of electric grids could lead to a dramatic blackout? And how private companies and government organizations could invest in to help ...

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Artificial Neural Network Can Enhance Wireless Communication

Artificial Neural Network can improve wireless communication

Researchers use brain-inspired methods to effectively detect the signals at the receiver’s end. It’s based on the Echo State Network that offers high performance while consuming less energy. Scientists are always seeking more efficient and more reliable communications, for everything from mobile phones and televisions to medical instruments and satellites. The technique that has been ...

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Computer Simulations For Neurodegenerative Diseases

Simulations For Neurodegenerative Diseases

New model examines how infectious seeds diffuse through the uneven structure of the brain. Researchers used MRI scans of an adult brain to create high-resolution simulations in both 2D and 3D.  These simulations recreate the pattern of damage observed in numerous neurodegenerative disorders.  Neurodegenerative diseases associated with age are multifaceted and complex pathologies. In most cases, their ...

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Creating A Temporary Hole In The Cloud To Boost Satellite Communication

Hole In The Cloud via lasers

Researchers want to blast holes in the clouds to transmit information at high rates.  To do this, they will use ultrashort high-intensity laser filaments.  The technology doesn’t leave any negative impact on the atmosphere.  Today’s long-range information is transmitted by either radio waves (via satellites) or underground optical fiber. However, the flow of information is ...

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First 3D Images Of Microscopic Cracks In Alloys

Microscopic Cracks In Alloys 3D image

For the first time, researchers develop a technique to capture 3D images of microscopic cracks in nickel-base alloys caused by hydrogen or water exposure.  It will help engineer develop microstructures with extended material life, saving costs on repairs and replacements. Microfractures in metal alloys cannot be seen with the naked eye, but they can extend ...

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New AI Detects Breast Cancer By Analyzing Mammographic Tissue Density

AI Detects Breast Cancer in Mammogram

New deep learning model analyzes breast tissues in mammograms and accurately estimates density ratings.  These ratings are an independent risk factor for breast cancer.  The model takes less than one second to process one mammogram and it could be easily scaled throughout hospitals.  In the United States, breast cancer death rates are significantly higher than any other ...

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Next-Generation Magnetic Data Storage Technology

magnetic data storage technology

Researchers designed magnetic nanostructures with an invisibility cloak.  High speed of tiny magnetic bit structures can be achieved by carefully adjusting the strength of the invisible cloak.  For high-performance solid-state data storage and logic applications, researchers are focusing on spin-based devices. One of the promising approaches is to encode bits by small skyrmions or domain ...

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A New Way Of Simultaneously Detecting Magnetic Fields In Various Directions

Magnetic field directions

A new tool uses the Nitrogen-Vacancy center defect in diamond to simultaneously detect magnetic fields in different directions.  It creates a 3D picture of magnetic fields in real-time.  The technology could be utilized in various fields including condensed-matter physics and biology.  The real-time sensing of a dynamic vector magnetic field is required in numerous magnetometry ...

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IBM’s New AI Simulates Heart’s Functions Within Minutes

AI Simulates Heart's Functions

A new method uses high-performance computing algorithms to improve virtual Fractional Flow Reserve simulations. The algorithm is based on machine learning and deep learning acceleration method called Gaussian Process regression.  It can perfectly simulate what’s happening inside the heart within 1-2 minutes.  Most multi-scale model of cardiac mechanics look promising but when it comes to ...

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New Electro-Optic Laser Emits 30 Billion Pulses Per Second

Electro-Optic Laser Pulses

New electro-optic laser is 100 times faster than conventional ultrafast laser light.  The system is reliable and produces accurate and stable pulses at 30 GHz.  It can be used in biological/chemical imaging and to implement faster communication networks.  Ultrafast lasers generate a series of light pulses that last up to femtoseconds. They can function as ...

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Practical 3D Display Generated By Holography and Light-Field Technology

Practical 3D Display

A new method would remove the visual distortions in 3D displays without additional heavier optics.  The system creates a clear, 3D image in space which makes it suitable for AR applications.  We mostly interact with digital content through keyboards and 2D touch panels. However, technologies like Virtual Reality(VR) and Augmented Reality(AR) are nowadays promising more ...

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