Whenever you hear the word “Ancient Egypt”, I think harrowing and spooky are the best words to describe your feeling. Egypt is one of the most visited countries around the world and most visitors came here to see ancient history and sculptures. As you see live mummies and scarab beetle in Hollywood movies, but there is so much to know about the Egypt cultures. The following facts will give you a good introduction about the ancient Egypt. You might not aware of most of these. Here are a few interesting facts about ancient Egypt, which make you anxious to know more about the Egyptian culture and society.
Photo credit: wikimedia
15. Oldest Dress
The world’s oldest dress was found in Egypt and it is 5000 years old. It belonged to the king Narmer, founded by an archaeologist, Flinders Petrie. Now this dress is kept in the Petrie museum of Egyptian Archaeology.
Ancient Egyptians are considered as one of the greatest mathematicians. The main feature of their mathematics is the use of unit fraction. There is an interesting fact that every year sun shines the faces of Rameses II, Amun and Ra except Ptah, who are god of the underworld. And the sun only shines on their birthday.
13. Hair Issues
In the ancient times, both men and women hate hair and they used to completely shave off their hair. They don’t want their hair to grow from childhood and like to wear wigs. A wig is more likely a hat which protects them from the high desert sun.
12. Mummies as medicine
About a century ago, Americans and Europeans believed that the mummies had healing and spiritual powers. They burn the mummies and used the ash as medicine in all kinds of diseases.
11. Great Pyramid of Giza
There is a great mystery behind the location of the Great Pyramid of Giza. Recent statistics have shown us that it is located in the geographical center of the landmass. At that time, no technologies were available, then how do they decide the location of the Great Pyramid of Giza. Science also supports that all the three pyramids of Giza perfectly align with Orion’s belt.
10. Birth Control
Ancient Egyptians were one of the first societies to practice birth control techniques. In order to avoid a pregnancy, they would mix honey, mud and crocodile poop. The acidity character of the crocodile dung diffused the birth development cells.
9. Sex Discrimination
Like in the today’s world, Ancient Egyptian never differentiates between men and women. Like men, women also have legal and financial independence. They also had the right to divorce and remarry and if they work, they received equal pay as men.
8. Ramses II
Ramses II is considered as the greatest emperor of all the Egyptian dynasties. He was the only Pharaoh who carries the title of “the Great” after his name. He ruled the Egypt for more than 60 years and died at the age of 90 in 1212 BC. He had eight wives and over hundred lovers and approximately 90 children.
7. The misconception
They believed that the earth was flat and round like a cake. And the Nile River flows through the center of it. The shape of all pyramids was inspired by the spreading rays of the sun.
During mummification process, the brain was taken out through the nostril and intestine were also removed and placed in a jar. They remove all the organs except heart because they believed that the soul always remains inside the heart.
Do you know that the Egyptians invented the calendar in 4241 BC (around 6000 years ago). Their calendar had 365 days which further divided into 12 months of 30 days each. All months were divided into three weeks of ten days.
At the time of ancient Egypt, both men and women were known to wear makeup. They believed that the makeup has some kind of magical healing power and protects them. They paint their cheeks, hands and fingernails and also use perfumes made from oil and herbs.
3. Animal lovers
Egyptians loved all kinds of animals and considered them as the messiah of God. But they were more in love with cats. They used to treat them as a family member and when they died, all the family members shoves off their eyebrows in sorrow. They were also mummified and buried in separate cat’s cemetery.
2. Entertainment Material
After a busy working day, they love to play board games. The Senet was the most popular game of that time. Many other games were also played including “Dogs and Jackals” and “Mehen”. They were played like a dice throwing games. The game board of Tutankhamen, ruler of Egyptian dynasties had her game board buried with her in the tomb.
1. Construction of Great Pyramid of Giza
Also Read: Most Brutal Punishments of Ancient Time
The world’s famous Great Pyramid of Giza was constructed as a tomb for the fourth dynasty emperor, King Khufu. It took more than 20 years to build (2560-2540 BC). It is the oldest and largest of all the seven wonders in the world. The pyramid consists 2.3 million limestone blocks, each block weighs 25 to 80 tonnes. It is 146.5 meters tall, making it the tallest man-made structure in the world for more than 3800 years.