- In 2016, the French government invested over $5 million in building a one-kilometer long solar road.
- The model has proven to be neither energy-efficient nor economically viable.
- The trial is now over, as the road has become cracked and damaged.
The world’s first solar road was opened in France on December 2016. It was a ridiculously expensive project: the French government spent $5.2 million to construct one-kilometer long road consisting of 30,000 square feet of solar panels.
The road was built by a major French civil engineering firm, Colas Group. It specializes in road construction and rail track construction. The firm had been working on its own solar road tech, Wattway, for more than five years.
The French Ministry of the Environment said the road would generate enough electricity to power streetlights in the local town, Tourouvre. In fact, the government had made plans to pave one thousand kilometers of highways with photovoltaic panels over the next five years.
Poor Planning and Rushed Design
The idea of constructing road out of solar panels in Normandy, France isn’t impressive at all, because the area does not have the most sunshine. It has less than 50 days of strong sunshine in a year.
Recently, Le Monde, a French daily afternoon newspaper, reported that photovoltaic panels weren’t able to withstand the wear and tear caused by heavy vehicles. They also couldn’t withstand the heavy thunderstorms, and produced too much noise for local residents, so the speed limit had to be reduced to 44 miles per hour.
Worse, the engineers did not take into account the effects of rotting leaves, which limited the electricity-generating capacity of panels.
The construction company said that the photovoltaic panels were protected by a 7 mm layer of polycrystalline silicon so that they can work in extreme environments. However, these panels have come loose or broken into small pieces since the opening.
Initially, the solar road was meant to generate nearly 150,000 kWh of energy per year, which is enough to light up 5,000 homes every day. Instead, the equipment made only 78,397 kWh in 2018, and less than 38,000 kWh by the end of July 2019.
Image credit: Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters
The profit made from the sale of electricity was estimated to be more than €10,500 a year, but it only generated €4,550 in 2017, €3,100 in 2018, and €1,450 in the first quarter of 2019.
‘The economic and technical elements of the project were not clearly understood. It is totally unreasonable to spend millions in innovating solutions that already exist and are much more profitable, such as solar panels on roofs.’ — Marc Jedliczka, vice president of the Network for Energy Transition.
The trial is now over. Etienne Gaudin, the chief executive of Wattway, told Le Monde that the model would not be going to market. It isn’t suitable for long-distance traffic. Instead, the company will be focusing on smaller modules to generate electricity for electric bicycle charging stations, bus shelter lighting, and CCTV cameras.